World Bank Fragility Forum 2022
The World Bank Fragility Forum 2022: Development and Peace in Uncertain Times is a biennial event that brings together policymakers and practitioners from humanitarian, development, peace and security communities; public and private sector; academia; and civil society. The objective is to exchange innovative ideas and knowledge to improve development approaches in fragile, conflict and violence-affected (FCV) settings to foster peace and stability. The Fragility Forum 2022 is committed to peace and development in the midst of new and intensifying crises.
Exploring the Promise of Centralized Urban Violence Prevention Units
Hosted by Kroc Institute for Peace and Justice/Peace in Our Cities Network
Wednesday, March 9, 2022
11:30 AM - 12:30 PM (ET)
- Sarah Cliffe, Director, NYU CIC
- Lakeesha Eure, Director, office of Violence Prevention for Newark, NJ
- Santiago Uribe, Former Chief Resilience Officer, City of Medellin
- David Muhammad, Executive Director, National Institute for Criminal Justice Reform
Since the 2011 WDR, it has been increasingly recognised that the vast majority of global lethal violence occurs outside of conflict zones, much of it in urban settings. The scale of the problem is massive, and often goes unaddressed, in large part because the majority of urban violence impacts those with the least political power. Many proposed solutions only focus on curbing the most drastic forms of violence (e.g. homicides) while failing to address root causes of violence such as inequality, marginalization, and historical drivers. Root causes of violence are often interrelated and multifaceted, and thus, interventions must be the same.
Promisingly, there is innovative work being done at the city and municipal level across the globe that shows that approaches to tackling urban violence are possible, and that, in particular, coordinated approaches are key to saving lives and increasing peace and safety. Many cities who have seen a reduction in levels of violence have institutionalized a central body within the local administration, e.g. violence prevention units, which have created a demand to keep violence prevention high on the local political agenda. A critical component of these “success stories” is a politically supported and coordinated approach by local government and community partners that works to address root causes.
The Peace in Our Cities network works to bring attention to both the considerable impact of urban violence, and the considerable promise of solutions to build more peaceful urban communities. This roundtable discussion will bring together mayors, city leaders, and practitioners to explore the phenomenon of centralized violence prevention units, and to examine how coordinated city-leadership driven efforts can better address root causes of urban violence. It will examine whether these models of coordination can work across geographies and city capacities, and probe how national and international actors play a role in nurturing coordination within their own contexts.
United Nations/IFI Cooperation in Confronting Simultaneous Development and Security Challenges
Hosted by Center for Global Development and NYU Center on International Cooperation
Monday, March 14, 2022
10:00 - 11:00 AM (ET)
- Sarah Cliffe, Director, New York University Center on International Cooperation
- Sarah Rose, Policy Fellow, Center for Global Development (CGD)
- Mark Plant, Senior Policy Fellow, Center for Global Development (CGD)
- Vera Songwe, Under-Secretary-General, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA)
- Suliman Baldo, Founder, Sudan Transparency and Policy Tracker
Fragile states often confront simultaneous economic and political tipping points. Possible solutions to the economic problems often challenge political stability and political remedies can strain government budgets and aggravate economic instability. These countervailing forces make government decision making difficult and, in theory, development partners should be working together to aid the government in navigate the narrow path that would allow economic and political stability both to be maintained. However, in practice development partners, notably the UN system and the International Financial Institutions (IFIs), can often work at cross purposes, not out of ill intention, but because institutional objectives, bureaucratic processes, budgets, timelines, and miscommunication constrain their actions to be less than coordinated.
Drawing on research and seminars held by NYU's Center on International Cooperation (CIC) and the Center for Global Development (CGD), the panel discussion will look at how economic and security dynamics have affected each other in the case of two fragile situations – Sudan (second TBD, Lebanon or Yemen) – to draw lessons on what worked, what did not work and where better cooperation might have improved the outcome. After an initial presentation of the findings of the CIC/CGD research, panelists with experience in the two countries will discuss the problems created or solved by the UN and the IFIs and point to lessons learned, or not learned, from the experience. Q&A will follow.