Can the African Union help South Sudan?
The people of South Sudan is suffering under a terrible man-made catastrophe where millions have fled from their homes and many face starvation. Ending the three-year-old civil war is the first step to solve the crisis, but negotiations, led by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), have faltered.
Over the last year the violence has escalated and spread to new parts of the country. In January 2017, the African Union, IGAD and the United Nations issued a joint statement, giving the AU a renewed role in South Sudan's conflict. What should this role be? How should its efforts be co-ordinated with other facilitating partners such as the regional organisations (IGAD), the UN and with collective efforts from Western countries (the Troika)? This seminar is a part of the two-year policy research project "Enhancing South-South Cooperation: Promoting African responses to peacebuilding in Africa" which is jointly funded by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
These questions were at the centre of the discussion at this PRIO seminar:
- PRIO Senior Research Øystein H. Rolandsen chaired the seminar and gave a short introduction to the situation in South Sudan.
- Amanda Lucey and Liezelle Kamalo from the Institute for Security Studies in South Africa presented their recent policy paper: "Democratise or disintegrate: How the AU can help South Sudan"
- Jim Della-Giacoma , Deputy Director, the Center on International Cooperation at New York University commented on the role of the UN in regional peace-making
- Zach Vertin , Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center and former US State Department Policy Director commented on the role of the US and the Troika in peace negotiations
This seminar was organised by the Non-state Conflict Actors and the Peacebuilding Research Groups.