More collaboration will help solve long-term humanitarian crises

The Form of Humanitarian action – and its links with development – needs to adapt

Linking humanitarian action and development

Enhancing Access to Education: Challenges and Opportunities in Afghanistan

Productive ways to enhance access to education in Taliban influenced areas

Enhancing Access to Education

Engagement in Fragile States

Mutual commitment to country-owned and country-led exits from fragility

New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States

The Next Secretary-General

A new U.N. Secretary-General will provide opportunities for the reform and renewal of the UN Secretariat

The Vexed Question of Senior Appointments

Addressing Protracted Displacement

A think piece on how to reverse the escalating human and financial crisis

Assessing Protracted Displacement

GPOR Compilation via Print-on Demand

A compilation of 2015 contributions to the Global Peace Operations Review

GPOR Annual Compilation

Silk Road Economic Belt

Read the CIC report on China's One-Belt One-Road Initiative

China’s One-Belt-One-Road Initiative

New Essay from the Congo Research Group

An overview of the UN peacekeeping missions to the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Force or Political Strategy?

Meeting Post–2015 Ambitions

Fragility should be assessed differently in the post-2015 era

States of Fragility 2015

Afghanistan-Pakistan Regional Project

An archive of sources related to the independence of Afghanistan 

Afghanistan Constitutional Reform Resources

If Not Now, When?

David Steven's paper aims to accelerate efforts to end all forms of violence against children.

Policy Paper by David Steven

CIC on Global Development

CIC staff and fellows comment on how to make global development work

CIC on Global Development

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In 1996, the Taliban movement, a majority of who were religious students from Deobandi madrasas (religious schools) in Pakistan and rural Afghanistan, established a short-lived Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. On arrival in Kabul, the Taliban barred women from working at public or private institutions and banned girls from schools. The Taliban regime said that the ban was because of a lack of facilities and security.

May 26, 2016
Barnett Rubin, Clancy Rudeforth
South Asia, Afghanistan

The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States rests upon the mutual commitment of national and international partners to country-owned and country-led exits from fragility. Externally-imposed solutions do not work. In 2011, at the Busan Fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, the New Deal was launched with a powerful message: 1.5 billion of the world’s poorest people lived in fragile situations. Without partnerships for first building peace, resilience and institutions, the eradication of poverty was not possible. The Millennium Development Goals failed to address this. 

Apr 17, 2016
Sarah Hearn, Jeffrey Strew
Global Development

Executive Summary

The appointment of a new United Nations Secretary-General in 2016 will provide special opportunities for the reform and renewal of the UN Secretariat. While an ambitious agenda for reform may be unrealistic, the relationship between the UN bureaucracy and Member States needs to be reevaluated. The way senior staff are recruited must change. Building a merit-based group of top level officials around the incoming Secretary-General should be a priority. Creating a special transitional team to manage their selection process could be one way to achieve this goal. 

Apr 11, 2016
Thant Myint-U
United Nations

Since October 2014, the region around the town of Beni in north eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has been the site of some of the worst massacres in the country’s recent history. Over five hundred people have been killed and tens of thousands have fled their homes. The UN mission and the Congolese government have publicly stated that the massacres are the work of Ugandan rebels from the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF).

Mar 22, 2016
Jason Stearns
Sub-Saharan Africa

For almost a decade, the Annual Review of Global Peace Operations (ARGPO) was the flagship publication of the Center on International Cooperation (CIC). During that time, CIC also released three editions of the Review of Political Missions.

Executive Summary

  • The United States’ presence in the Indo-Asia-Pacific is transforming from a traditional alliance network (of Australia, Japan, the Philippines, South Korea and Thailand) into a web of strengthened alliances, new partnerships and creative linkages.
  • Washington must manage this transformation carefully, so its alliance network maintains a deterrent function and reassures allies, but does not exacerbate USChina tensions.
Mar 14, 2016
Elsina Wainwright
China, East Asia, United States
Global Development

The India-U.S. relationship is presently stronger than at anytime in their history. The twin summits – less than six months apart – in September 2014 and January 2015 between President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Narendra Modi have repaired, revived and revitalized the strategic partnership. Yet there remain several hurdles to deepening the relationship, notably, geopolitical differences over Iran, Russia, Syria and India’s membership of various nuclear and missile export control regimes.

Feb 23, 2016
WPS Sidhu

There are more than 60 million people forcibly displaced by conflict or persecution worldwide - the highest recorded since World War II. The average length of displacement is now 17 years. This paper is a think piece on how approaches to forced displacement need to change if the world is to reverse this escalating human and financial crisis.

Dec 21, 2015
Sarah Cliffe, Sarah Hearn, Jeffrey Strew
Global Development

The violence perpetrated by the Basque separatist organization Euskadi ta Askatasuna (Basque Homeland and Freedom, ETA) was for many years an anomalous feature of Spain’s transition to democracy. ETA claimed some 840 lives over fifty years. It was reviled as a terrorist criminal band inside Spain and listed as a foreign terrorist organization by the United States The Basque Conflict and ETA The Difficulties of an Ending 2 USIP.ORG • SPECIAL REPORT 384 and the European Union.

Dec 09, 2015
Teresa Whitfield
Europe

Pages

Programs in Focus

  • China’s One-Belt-One-Road initiative (OBOR)

    President Xi Jinping first presented China’s vision for a “Silk Road Economic Belt” during a 2013 speech in Kazakhstan. The idea was to “forge closer economic ties, deepen cooperation, and expand development in the Euro-Asia region”. In early 2015, the contours of Beijing’s strategy began to emerge as China’s leadership laid out plans for this “Silk Road Economic Belt” through Central Asia, and a “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” through Southeast and South Asia. China referred to both collectively as “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR). Both have been portrayed as an opportunity to reshape the economic and political order in Central Asia and the Asian Pacific region by promoting a network of trade routes, political cooperation, and cultural exchange. By so doing, China intends to place its sometimes-restive western and interior provinces at the heart of its engagement with Central and South Asia in an effort to accelerate development and promote stability.

  • India and the Multilateral Order

    The five major emerging economies – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) – have gained on the world stage and their presence is being felt in every multilateral institution. Among them India – the world’s largest democracy with a burgeoning economy and a long history of engagement with the multilateral order – is of special significance. For BRICS watchers in general and anyone interested in the future of India in particular, twenty-two scholars of international repute have produced one of the most comprehensive volumes on India’s role in the evolving global order: Shaping the Emerging World.

  • Global Peace Operations Review

    The Global Peace Operations Review is a website providing analysis and data on the spectrum of issues surrounding global peace and security, including civilian-led peacemaking and peacebuilding as well as uniformed peacekeeping by the United Nations, regional organizations and ad-hoc coalitions. The site’s objective is to contribute to the effectiveness of all peace operations.

    We seek to provide the most comprehensive overview of multilateral contributions to conflict prevention, peacemaking, peacekeeping, and post-conflict peacebuilding. In doing so, we seek to integrate thematic and cross-cutting issues including, but not limited to, the women, peace and security agenda and countering violent extremism.

  • United Nations Development at a Crossroads

    The UN development system stands at a crossroads. It can either embrace the deep reform required to remain relevant to development in today’s global economy, or face the prospect of continued marginalization. The path chosen at this fork in the road depends on the commitment of all relevant actors – UN agencies and governments – as well as strong leadership: from governments, from within the UN development system, and from the Secretary-General.

     

  • Sustainable Development Goals

    Recent months have seen increasing interest in the idea that Rio+20 could be the launch pad for a new set of ‘Sustainable Development Goals’ (SDGs).  But what would SDGs cover, what would a process to define and then implement them look like, and what would some of the key political challenges be? This short briefing sets out a short summary of current thinking on the issue, followed by thoughts about the way forward.