There is a certain tension that is throwing into disarray the values, alliances, and institutions that make up the changing global order. The twenty-first century will be defined by security threats unconstrained by borders—from economic instability, climate change, and nuclear proliferation to conflict, poverty, terrorism and disease. The greatest test of global leadership will be building partnerships and institutions for cooperation that can meet the challenge global instablity and transnational threats.
Political support to countries emerging from conflict has proven difficult. The core task of statebuilding has proven a greater challenge, because core political tasks are carried out by an ad hoc and fragmented array of development actors. Decisive measures must be taken by nations and international organizations to ensure mutual survival and safety. In the past several years, key governments and multilateral institutions have devoted considerable effort to the task of more effectively integrating development and security policy responses to the related challenges of countries affected by conflict, post-conflict peacebuilding, and conflict prevention.