South Asia is home to well over one fifth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and most densely populated geographical region in the world. This region of the world is also home to a diverse group of global challenges, conflict and fragile states. Security concerns, both domestic and international, have led some South Asian states to foster extremist movements in their own backyards. The challenge in South Asia has been not simply postconflict peacekeeping but also more ambitious efforts to build domestic institutions of law and governance. A growing array of international groups and organizations are now devoted to state building, and scholarly organizations like CIC are slowly developing a body of knowledge on its theory and practice. CIC has helped to illuminate these peacebuilding efforts by looking at the ideas that inform the actions of international agencies as they engage Member States in the region.