CIC senior fellow Barnett Rubin recounts the failures of the US-led mission in Afghanistan in this War on the Rocks op-ed.

“The U.S. government, military or civilian, had no idea how to build and transfer institutions that would work in rural Afghanistan. Neither did the Afghan elites who were Washington’s partners. Never in its history had the Afghan state built an effective local administration.”

Read the full article at War on the Rocks here.

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