In West Africa, civil wars have receded, democracy has gained ground and economies are growing. But a destructive new threat is jeopardizing this progress: with local collusion, international drug cartels are undermining our countries and communities, and devastating lives.
Over the past six months, United Nations peacekeeping has come closer to catastrophe than at any time since the Rwandan genocide and Srebrenica massacre. The UN mission in South Sudan was caught off-guard when the country imploded last December. The crisis has claimed at least 10,000 lives. More then a million civilians have fled their homes, with 80,000 sheltering in UN compounds
Member states are increasingly looking to 2015 as a milestone for progress on United Nations Security Council reform. 2015 marks the seventieth anniversary of the UN, fifty years since the implementation of the last (and only) Council enlargement, and ten years since the 2005 World Summit. This paper provides an overview of the current context, an explanation of global perspectives on UNSC reform, and analysis of discussions on UNSC reform in and around the African Union.
The UN Security Council has approved the deployment of nearly 12,000 peacekeepers to the Central African Republic (CAR). Thousands there have been killed and about a million people (a quater of the population) are in the need of aid.
Listen to the full BBC interview here. The CAR discussion with Richard Gowan begins at the 34:18 mark.
The UN is being urged to investigate allegations that it failed to report on war crimes committed by the Sudanese government in Darfur. According to Foreign Policy magazine, UNAMID -- a joint United Nations, African Union mission -- has omitted to send evidence of air raids to the UN Security Council. This is a serious claim because aerial bombardments are banned under a Security Council resolution.
Listen to the full Radio France International interview below:
In this commentary, Global Initiative Board Member, Camino Kavanagh who is based in Bamako, together with Prof. Stephen Ellis, renowned Africanist at the University of Leiden, raise some additional points to consider, including the extent of the narco-terrorist relationship, and the degree to which we as the international community could have seen the crisis coming.
The Annual Review of Global Peace Operations and the Review of Political Missions have evolved into the Global Peace Operations Review, an interactive web-portal presenting in-depth analysis and detailed data on military peacekeeping operations and civilian-led political missions by the United Nations, regional organizations, and ad-hoc coalitions. The website can be accessed here Global Peace Operations Review
o Burundi was placed on the Peacebuilding Commission’s (PBC) agenda in June 2006, as the peacekeeping mission there was drawing down. This report assesses the PBC’s in-country performance against its different mandated functions and tools of engagement. It also considers the potential for the PBC’s engagement through the Country-Specific Meetings and assesses implications for the concept of Country-Specific Configurations.
The Aid Worker Security Database (AWSD) records major incidents of violence against aid workers, with incident reports from 1997 through the present. Initiated in 2005, to date the AWSD remains the single most comprehensive global source of this data, providing a much-needed quantitative evidence base for analysis of the changing security environment for civilian aid operations. For more detail on the AWSD click here.