Democratic Republic of Congo's opposition parties are united in their demands that President Joseph Kabila should not stay in power when his term ends in 2016 but personal rivalries and infighting are hobbling efforts to mount an effective campaign.
Les FARDC et la Monusco ont lancé le samedi 13 décembre des opérations conjointes contre les rebelles ougandais des ADF actifs dans le territoire de Beni (Nord-Kivu). Selon des sources du commandement de l’opération militaire « Sokola 1 », l’objectif de cette offensive est de neutraliser totalement cette rébellion.
Plans by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) army and UN peacekeepers to again take on one of the oldest insurgencies in the country have sparked concern for civilian populations and raised questions about the wisdom of the operation, set to take place in early 2015.
Moise Katumbi has two of the biggest jobs in the Democratic Republic of Congo. He is the governor of Katanga, a mineral-rich province of 5.6m people roughly the size of Spain. He is chairman of TP Mazembe, one of the best-run football clubs in sub-Saharan Africa, a role that has made him very popular. And now many expect the wealthy and charismatic 50-year-old to seek an even bigger title: president.
The Rwandan genocide of 1994 killed 800,000 people, most of them ethnic Tutsi, in the space of three months and triggered two successive civil wars in neighbouring Congo. Although these more or less ended in 2003, the genocide’s fallout can still incite violence and rouse armies. This month the UN Security Council authorised a military attack by a 3,000-strong multinational intervention force against a militia in eastern Congo that was formed two decades ago by Rwandan genocidaires who fled to the region’s remote forests after losing power.
Peacebuilding continues to gain recognition in international and national spheres for the crucial role it plays in laying the foundations for sustainable peace. In the last two decades, the United Nations has developed its peacebuilding architecture (PBA) in order to strengthen its responses to countries recovering from conflict. Within this larger context, 2015 will be a critical year for peacebuilding as member states undertake a comprehensive review of the UN PBA.
In November, CIC joined with the Institute of Security Studies to host a discussion with member state representatives and UN staff on African perspectives on the future of peacebuilding. Peacebuilding continues to gain recognition in international and national spheres for the crucial role it plays in laying the foundations for sustainable peace. In the last two decades, the United Nations has developed its peacebuilding architecture (PBA) in order to strengthen its responses to countries recovering from conflict.
The massive peacekeeping effort undertaken in the Democratic Republic of Congo over the past 18 months hasn’t done much to slow the bloodshed. But it just might have destroyed a bold and hopeful new idea about how much the United Nations can accomplish.
These reports are part of a series of background documents prepared for the Commission on the Impact of Drug Trafficking on Governance, Security and Development in West Africa (WACD). The series editor is CIC Fellow Camino Kavanagh.
The Annual Review of Global Peace Operations and the Review of Political Missions have evolved into the Global Peace Operations Review, an interactive web-portal presenting in-depth analysis and detailed data on military peacekeeping operations and civilian-led political missions by the United Nations, regional organizations, and ad-hoc coalitions. The website can be accessed here Global Peace Operations Review
This paper, commissioned by the Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations, analyzes current trends in United Nations peacekeeping and makes predictions about the development of UN operations over the next five years (to 2017).