Sub-Saharan Africa

The Rwandan genocide of 1994 killed 800,000 people, most of them ethnic Tutsi, in the space of three months and triggered two successive civil wars in neighbouring Congo. Although these more or less ended in 2003, the genocide’s fallout can still incite violence and rouse armies. This month the UN Security Council authorised a military attack by a 3,000-strong multinational intervention force against a militia in eastern Congo that was formed two decades ago by Rwandan genocidaires who fled to the region’s remote forests after losing power.

Jan 24, 2015
Jason Stearns
Sub-Saharan Africa

The clock is ticking down on the launch of a military operation in eastern DRC against a Rwandan-Hutu militia that has refused to surrender and disarm. 

Read the full Al Jazeera America article UN and DRC forces prepare for war

Jan 16, 2015
Jason Stearns
Sub-Saharan Africa

Meeting Note | African Perspectives on Peacebuilding: Opportunities for 2015

Peacebuilding continues to gain recognition in international and national spheres for the crucial role it plays in laying the foundations for sustainable peace. In the last two decades, the United Nations has developed its peacebuilding architecture (PBA) in order to strengthen its responses to countries recovering from conflict. Within this larger context, 2015 will be a critical year for peacebuilding as member states undertake a comprehensive review of the UN PBA.

Dec 10, 2014
Center on International Cooperation

In November, CIC joined with the Institute of Security Studies to host a discussion with member state representatives and UN staff on African perspectives on the future of peacebuilding. Peacebuilding continues to gain recognition in international and national spheres for the crucial role it plays in laying the foundations for sustainable peace. In the last two decades, the United Nations has developed its peacebuilding architecture (PBA) in order to strengthen its responses to countries recovering from conflict.

The massive peacekeeping effort undertaken in the Democratic Republic of Congo over the past 18 months hasn’t done much to slow the bloodshed. But it just might have destroyed a bold and hopeful new idea about how much the United Nations can accomplish.

Read the full Boston Globe article In Congo, peacekeepers at war

Nov 28, 2014
Richard Gowan
Sub-Saharan Africa

There are reasons to think that Africa may be a place where prospects of Sino-European cooperation are promising. EU members – and above all France – continue to play an active role in crisis management in weak African states like Mali, Somalia, and the Central African Republic. 

Read the Full ECFR article African Security – a bright spot for Sino-European cooperation

Nov 04, 2014
Richard Gowan
United Nations

United Nations peace operations suffered major blows in August and September, highlighting both the organization’s contribution to global security and its growing vulnerability.

Read the full Chatham House report The blue helmet blues

Oct 07, 2014
Richard Gowan
United Nations

President Barack Obama will meet with Sam Kutesa, the controversial Ugandan diplomat serving as president of the United Nations General Assembly, on Wednesday in a move that is sure to frustrate rights activists who say Kutesa's support for virulently anti-gay legislation makes him unfit to lead the world's parliament.

Sep 23, 2014
Richard Gowan
Sub-Saharan Africa
United Nations

Reports on Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Nigeria released in July 2014 at the Open Society Institute in New York reveal failures in human rights vetting for soldiers in countries that contribute to UN peacekeeping operations.

Read the full IRIN article Is the UN peacekeeper selection process flawed?

Jul 29, 2014
Richard Gowan
South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa

After a marathon negotiation session, the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals finalized its outcome document.

Related Publications

Pages