The ascendency of the Global South is reinforced in the United Nations Development Programme’s 2013 Human Development Report aptly titled The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World. In particular 40 countries, including India, made gains on their human development index scores between 1990 and 2012. Several factors, including integration with the world economy and enhanced South-South cooperation, contributed to the improvement in human development.
India has lost more personnel on blue helmet missions than any other country’s military. Although Indian officials argue that their country has been dedicated to the U.N. since the days of Nehru, their current attitude to the organization is characterized by a mixture of ambition and ambivalence.
Given that the U.S. is slated to withdraw 34,000 troops of its 66,000 member force from Afghanistan by this time next year, any news regarding the political development of the nation is something policy makers will likely have their eye on.
For India, gaining admittance into the club of Big Powers epitomized by the Permanent Membership of the UN Security Council, is a bit like jostling in a crowd to get into an unreserved railway compartment. You do whatever it takes to get in, while those inside the compartment are doing their utmost to keep you out.
Diplomats are rarely dreamers or gamblers. The experience of grinding negotiations means that most ambassadors and their advisers dislike big ideas and unnecessary risks. But sometimes they have to take a gamble in pursuit of national goals.
Think of the Private Security Company (PSC) industry in Afghanistan as the canary in a coal mine. It (the PSC industry) is a bellwether of potential trouble ahead. Like Iraq, PSCs are linked to a privatized model of military and development contracting in a highly insecure post-invasion environment.
Over the past decade the United States and the international community have funded an unprecedented private security industry in Afghanistan. As a result, this industry has become entangled with the Afghan political economy, as international spending has been implicated in funding informal armed groups and commanders. Considerable uncertainty remains as Afghanistan approaches the 2014 deadline for assuming national security responsibilities.
World Peace is a noble goal, but not one that can occur in one move. "Building States to Build Peace: A Project of the International Peace Institute" explains that World Peace starts at a national level. Like many things when they first begin, the early years of a state are vital for establishing it for stability and enduring peace. Covering topics such as law, economics, and finance, it also outlines examples ranging from Somalia to Afghanistan.