This report sets out to show how the UN can reinforce its utility and legitimacy in conflict prevention and mediation in a complex international environment. It draws on a series of case studies on conflict prevention for the NYU Center on International Cooperation (CIC)—including analyses of the Asia-Pacific, Latin America, Middle East and West Africa—which show how the UN’s engagement in the deterioration phases of a series of recent crises has prevented or reduced conflict, or at least has established a framework for later peace talks.
Rwanda has warned it will not tolerate attempts to blame it for a rebel insurgency in eastern Congo but vowed to use its two-year U.N. Security Council stint to help put an end to the conflict that has destabilized its much larger neighbor.
The Annual Review of Global Peace Operations and the Review of Political Missions have evolved into the Global Peace Operations Review, an interactive web-portal presenting in-depth analysis and detailed data on military peacekeeping operations and civilian-led political missions by the United Nations, regional organizations, and ad-hoc coalitions. The website can be accessed here Global Peace Operations Review
West Africa, with its proximity to the world’s fastest growing and most lucrative consumer market for South American cocaine, is fast becoming a magnet for Latin American drug traffickers. Read the full Dallas Morning News article here
Providing humanitarian assistance amid conflict has always been a dangerous and difficult endevour; however, over the last decade aid worker casualties tripled, reaching over 100 deaths per year. From 2005 onwards the largest numbers of violent attacks on humanitarian personnel have been concentrated in a small number of countries representing the most difficult and volatile operating environments. Attacks in some of these settings have also grown more lethal and sophisticated and the number of kidnappings has risen dramatically.
A new article by CIC’s Ben Oppenheim, along with Enzo Nussio, analyzes the challenges of reintegrating former members of insurgent and paramilitary groups after war. While disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programming (DDR) is a key component of many post-conflict reconstruction processes, there is relatively little evidence about the longer-term trajectories of former fighters.
La región de América Latina y el Caribe se distingue por la amplitud y variedad de políticas que ha desarrollado para responder a las oportunidades y los riesgos de la globalización. Este informe, elaborado por NYU CIC para UNICEF en América Latina y el Caribe, explora cómo la región puede caracterizarse como un laboratorio para el desarrollo sostenible. El informe se enfoca particularmente en el progreso alcanzado con respecto a las obligaciones de la región según la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos del Niño así como en las políticas que han apoyado este progreso y en las lecciones que se pueden aprender para mejorar el papel de la niñez en la agenda regional y global de desarrollo sostenible.
The Latin America and Caribbean region is distinguished by the range of policies that it has developed to respond to both the opportunities and risks of contemporary globalization. From efforts to increase macroeconomic stability and major programs of economic reform, through innovative investments in social welfare and protection, to fresh approaches to compensating those providing environmental goods and services, the region has been at the forefront of developing new economic, social, and environmental policies.