Addressing the issues of climate change, resource scarcity and sustainability will be critical to the future of development. Yet these issues are also among the most politically difficult to address in multilateral settings and have become a sticking point in deliberations over successor framework to the Millennium Development Goals.
This paper, commissioned by the Permanent Mission of Denmark to the United Nations, analyzes current trends in United Nations peacekeeping and makes predictions about the development of UN operations over the next five years (to 2017).
Over the past decade the United States and the international community have funded an unprecedented private security industry in Afghanistan. As a result, this industry has become entangled with the Afghan political economy, as international spending has been implicated in funding informal armed groups and commanders. Considerable uncertainty remains as Afghanistan approaches the 2014 deadline for assuming national security responsibilities.
The future of the development agenda is the subject of intensifying debate, with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) due to expire in 2015. Reaching agreement looks increasingly challenging, with the potential for sharp divisions between key actors on the scope and depth of the post- 2015 agenda. In this context, CIC's Emily O'Brien and Richard Gowan examine a series of international agreements across three other policy areas – environmental policy, financial regulation and human rights – to identify how successful agreements are designed, negotiated and implemented.