Japan, European countries, and the United States have a common interest in boosting United Nations peace operations. Japan has been a prominent supporter of a U.S. initiative to encourage participation in peacekeeping operations, but to date, Tokyo’s follow-up has been constructive but limited. For Tokyo and its allies, ensuring that the UN can handle today’s ugly crises is an unavoidable task.
In September 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be adopted in the context of the Post-2015 Agenda. In what way do the SDGs differ from the Millennium Development Goals? What does the community of states expect from their introduction? Sarah Hearn and Jeffrey Strew describe the background of the process and the latest developments in the debate.
This 2015 OECD report on fragility, researched and authored by CIC's Sarah Hearn, David Steven, and Ben Oppenheim, contributes to the broader debate to define and implement post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It points out that addressing fragility in the new framework will be crucial if strides in reducing poverty are to be made. It argues in favour of proposed SDG 16 – promoting peaceful and inclusive societies – which aims to reduce violence of all forms.
Michael von der Schulenburg, former head of the UN mission in Sierra Leone and deputy head of its mission in Iraq, offers an overview of the evolution of peacekeeping and peacebuilding and suggestions for the future. This is an independent think-piece for the High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations formed by Ban Ki-moon.
A new article by CIC’s Ben Oppenheim, along with Enzo Nussio, analyzes the challenges of reintegrating former members of insurgent and paramilitary groups after war. While disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration programming (DDR) is a key component of many post-conflict reconstruction processes, there is relatively little evidence about the longer-term trajectories of former fighters.