Review of the Global Focal Point for Police, Justice, and Corrections
In 2012, recognizing that the United Nations system was at a crossroads with respect to its fragmented, sometimes duplicative, and often competitive efforts on rule of law assistance in post-conflict countries, the Secretary-General took steps to incentivize cooperation and collaboration across a highly siloed structure. The Global Focal Point for Police, Justice, and Corrections Areas in the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict and Other Crisis Situations (the GFP) was thus born, established through a Policy Committee decision that made DPKO and UNDP accountable for delivering on responsibilities with respect to the UN’s police, justice, and corrections work, with a focus on responding to country-level requests for assistance in terms of global knowledge, people, and advice on assessments, planning, funding, and partnerships.
This review, undertaken by the Center on International Cooperation, the Folke Bernadotte Academy, and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, evaluates how the GFP has contributed to joint working arrangements that have produced real outcomes on the ground in post-conflict and crisis situations. It also considers the barriers that these efforts have faced and the need for adaptation going forward. This is timely as the GFP is cited as an important factor in peacekeeping's contribution to peacebuilding in the 2018 Action for Peacekeeping Declaration; additionally, the Secretary-General has emphasized the critical need for more system-wide collaboration to address challenging conflict dynamics, highlighting the GFP as a model in significant reports such as the 2018 Report on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace.
The clear conclusion of the review is that a “GFP 2.0” is needed if the UN is to deliver. The GFP has improved the UN’s coherence in the areas of police, justice and corrections, but has now reached the limits of the initial model. The review lays out a number of recommendations that UN leadership could consider to enable a GFP 2.0.