For the Army, With the Army, Like the Army? The Rise of Guidon Shimiray and the NDC-Rénové in Eastern Congo

Formerly a small local militia, Guidon Shimiray’s Nduma Defence of Congo-Rénové (NDC-R) is today one of the most powerful armed groups in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). What role does it play in the dynamics of violence in this part of the country, where regional states’ interests are intertwined with local conflicts?


In this new report, CIC's Congo Research Group (CRG) offers the very first in-depth investigation into the origins of this armed group. The report details its origins as a splinter group, its trajectory from 2014 to 2020, and its relations with other conflict protagonists, including the Congolese national army (FARDC) and the government more broadly. Drawing on 18 months of in-depth fieldwork resulting in vast documentary evidence and 90 interviews, including with NDC-R combatants as well as sources in political, diplomatic, and security circles, the report shows how Guidon Shimiray and his troops are part of a proxy war led by the Congolese army.

Download the full report in English here.

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May 13, 2020
Sub-Saharan Africa