The EU and Syria: everything but force?
Admirers of the European Union frequently point out that it has a comprehensive selection of non-military crisis management tools. These include the bloc’s economic leverage, mechanisms for deploying civilian peace operations and close working relationships with the United Nations and other multilateral organisations. The EU is currently enforcing sanctions and other restrictive measures affecting nearly thirty states as well as Al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups.[i] Its ability to wield these tools arguably compensates for the bloc’s recurrent disputes over the use of force in cases such as Libya.
Read the full Institute for Security Studies article here.