Member states are increasingly looking to 2015 as a milestone for progress on United Nations Security Council reform. 2015 marks the seventieth anniversary of the UN, fifty years since the implementation of the last (and only) Council enlargement, and ten years since the 2005 World Summit. This paper provides an overview of the current context, an explanation of global perspectives on UNSC reform, and analysis of discussions on UNSC reform in and around the African Union.
There is a broad agreement that the United Nations’ “Peacebuilding Architecture” (PBA) has failed to live up to the high hopes that existed when the 2005 World Summit agreed to establish the Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) and its related entities, the Peacebuilding Support Office (PBSO) and the Peacebuilding Fund.
CIC has initiated a project to study external actors’ peacebuilding frameworks in Somalia. The purpose is to ascertain whether and how the international community is applying recent international learning on peacebuilding, and is able to forge coherent and effective approaches to helping countries pursue peaceful political settlements.
On April 24-25, 2014, the President of the UN General Assembly hosted a debate on the nexus of development, peace, and stability to allow member states to reflect on the theme in the context of ongoing post-2015 development discussions. CIC Senior Fellow David Steven contributed to the meeting by moderating part of the discussions and providing input in the form of a memo to the President of the General Assembly.
On April 24th and 25th, the President of the UN General Assembly will lead a thematic debate on ensuring stable and peaceful societies. CIC Senior Fellow David Steven, at the request of the President of the General Assembly, has prepared a memo which highlights why peace and stability is important for sustainable development and how it might be addressed in the post-2015 development agenda. The outcome of this discussion will be included in the President's summary and will be available as an input in the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals.
The paper Fueling a New Order? The New Geopolitical and Security Consequences of Energy examines impacts of the major transformation in international energy markets that has begun. The United States is poised to overtake Saudi Arabia and Russia as the world’s largest oil producer and, combined with new developments in natural gas, is on track to become the dominant player in global energy markets. Meanwhile, China is in place to surpass the United States in its scale of oil imports, and has already edged out the U.S. in carbon emissions.
America, Rising Powers, and the Tension between Rivalry and Restraint
"What’s become clear to me is that while the rising powers--principally China, India, Brazil, but also Turkey, Indonesia, Korea and others--want to increase their influence and protect their interests, the United States still occupies a central place in their thinking and their strategies. And only the U.S. can help all these players forge an effective international order." —Bruce Jones
This new Routledge volume, edited by Marco Wyss and Thierry Tardy provides a comprehensive analysis of the trends and challenges of international peacekeeping in Africa. In their contribution to the volume, former CIC staff member Megan Gleason-Roberts and CIC Senior Program Officer Alischa Kugel analyze the changing dimensions of international peacekeeping in Africa, including how civilian-led political missions, regional deployments and over the horizon security guarantees are increasingly important tools for crisis response.
A fines de octubre de 2013, los embajadores del Grupo de Países de América Latina y el Caribe en las Naciones Unidas (GRULAC), sus negociadores clave de las respectivas capitales, representantes de la sociedad civil y organismos del Sistema de la ONU en la región, se reunieron en un retiro de otoño para debatir la agenda Post-2015. Este retiro fue auspiciado por el Grupo de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo para América Latina y el Caribe (GNUD ALC) y contó con la participación de la Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
The number of wars and the deaths they cause have been steadily decreasing since the post-World War II period. But changes in both the nature of conflict and the degree to which it is broadcast to a global public have underscored the need for effective peacemaking, while also changing our approaches to achieving a stable peace. Richard Gowan looks at the U.N.’s shift toward aggressive and riskier peacemaking missions.