The violent Basque separatist group ETA took shape in Franco's Spain, yet claimed the majority of its victims under democracy. For most Spaniards it became an aberration, a criminal and terrorist band whose persistence defied explanation. Others, mainly Basques (but only some Basques) understood ETA as the violent expression of a political conflict that remained the unfinished business of Spain's transition to democracy. Such differences hindered efforts to 'defeat' ETA's terrorism on the one hand and 'resolve the Basque conflict' on the other for more than three decades.
In September 2015, the international community is expected to agree upon a universal set of sustainable development goals. This book is designed to help people from all backgrounds understand what was agreed upon at Rio+20 and the relevant UN Commissions, Conferences, and Summit that laid the foundation for Rio+20 and the new sustainable development goals currently being negotiated.
This policy monitoring brief analyzes the process that led to the “Somali New Deal Compact,” the framework’s potential effectiveness as a peacebuilding tool, and potential ways to strengthen it. We find that the New Deal Compact in Somalia appears to have created a paradigm shift in international policy rhetoric around Somali ownership and leadership. However, the process to develop the Compact has also revealed a series of difficult trade-offs (related to process, risk, and implementation) between political and technical imperatives for both Somali and external actors.
On June 15-17, 2014 CIC partnered with Wilton Park, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the French Ministry of Defense to host a discussion on various aspects of peace operations. This conference examined operational planning, capacity and execution of mandated peace operations including partnership arrangements in fluid conflict situations.
The UN is currently in poor health but the severity of its condition is not yet clear, Richard Gowan argues in this paper commissioned by the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue for the 2014 Oslo Forum for senior mediators. Gowan assesses the impact of events in South Sudan, Syria and Ukraine for the UN, and warns that the organization's operational and political credibility is weakening.
The United Nations Security Council in the Age of Human Rights is the first comprehensive look at the human-rights dimensions of the work of the only body within the United Nations system capable of compelling action by its member states. Edited by Jared Genser and Bruno Stagno Ugarte, this volume contains a chapter on the Security Council and Syria co-authored by CIC's Richard Gowan with Paulo Sergio Pinheiro (Chairman of the Independent International Committee of Inquiry for Syria).
As the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) nears its conclusion, the question of whether and how to include governance and peace-related goals and targets in the post-2015 framework continues to be debated. This short note briefly analyzes how governance and peace-related objectives are reflected in the first revision of the OWG’s zero draft (dated June 30) and suggests some key considerations as the negotiations enter their final month.
In West Africa, civil wars have receded, democracy has gained ground and economies are growing. But a destructive new threat is jeopardizing this progress: with local collusion, international drug cartels are undermining our countries and communities, and devastating lives.
On June 15-17, 2014 CIC partnered with Wilton Park, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the French Ministry of Defense to host a discussion on various aspects of peace operations.
More than 50% of the world’s poor are projected to live in conflict-affected and fragile states by 2015. Country donors and the UN development system have and will continue to increasingly place an imperative on delivering transformative development results in complex post-conflict and fragile contexts. These are risky development situations, where the cost of implementation is high and the potential for project failure and financial losses is significant.