There are more than 60 million people forcibly displaced by conflict or persecution worldwide - the highest recorded since World War II. The average length of displacement is now 17 years. This paper is a think piece on how approaches to forced displacement need to change if the world is to reverse this escalating human and financial crisis.
The violence perpetrated by the Basque separatist organization Euskadi ta Askatasuna (Basque Homeland and Freedom, ETA) was for many years an anomalous feature of Spain’s transition to democracy. ETA claimed some 840 lives over fifty years. It was reviled as a terrorist criminal band inside Spain and listed as a foreign terrorist organization by the United States The Basque Conflict and ETA The Difficulties of an Ending 2 USIP.ORG • SPECIAL REPORT 384 and the European Union.
On 4 November 2015 CIC Associate Director and Senior Fellow Sarah Hearn presented the Preliminary Findings of the Independent Review of the New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States to the International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding in Paris
Nineteen years after the beginning of the Congo wars, armed conflict still affects millions in the east of the country. This essay by CRG director Jason Stearns and our senior fellow Christoph Vogel accompanies a map of armed groups, compiled by researchers across North and South Kivu, in which we catalogue over seventy groups. This is far from a static picture, and we highlight key shifts that have emerged over the past two years: a decline of regional involvement, a fragmentation of armed groups, and a modest drop in the political manipulation of armed groups.
President Xi Jinping first presented China’s vision for a “Silk Road Economic Belt” during a 2013 speech in Kazakhstan. The idea was to “forge closer economic ties, deepen cooperation, and expand development in the Euro-Asia region”. In early 2015, the contours of Beijing’s strategy began to emerge as China’s leadership laid out plans for this “Silk Road Economic Belt” through Central Asia, and a “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” through Southeast and South Asia. China referred to both collectively as “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR).
As Heads of Government gather in the New York for the UN’s 70th general assembly, the world is facing a 1940s moment. After a pause for relative unity at the end of the cold war, great power tensions are rising again. Concerns over inequality and migration have spurred the rise of left and right wing parties (and candidates for existing parties) across the developed world. More people have been forcibly displaced from their homes than at any time since the end of World War II.
On July 31, 2015, the Permanent Mission of Finland to the United Nations and New York University’s Center on International Cooperation (CIC) co-hosted an informal discussion among a small number of experts on the report of the Advisory Group of Experts’ review of the UN Peacebuilding Architecture. The experts unpacked the review by addressing 3 questions: (a) what are the strongest recommendations of the report; (b) which issues will be the most challenging in the intergovernmental process; and (c) what is the best strategy to move forward the recommendations.
Last week had no shortage of shocking images to illustrate our collective paralysis in the face of the Mediterranean refugee crisis. A three year old boy dead on a beach, waves lapping around his shoes. Thousands of forcibly displaced people marching through the heart of Europe watched by silent onlookers. Borders going back up in Schengen under the guise of traffic control and migrant searches.
On May 7, 2015, New York University’s Center on International Cooperation (CIC) hosted an informal consultation on updating the rules and infrastructure for globalization. The consultation involved senior officials and experts in the fields of diplomacy, security, development and law. The objective of the consultation was to identify priority normative areas of action for the next UN Secretary-‐General (UNSG), and to take stock of the political feasibility of pursuing multilateral action in those areas.
Since 2009, the Center on International Cooperation (CIC) at New York University has supported the development of regional approaches to Afghanistan by co-convening a series of structured dialogues among regional stakeholders. Since the initial meeting in June 2009 in Dubai, CIC has co-convened seven meetings including Istanbul (January 2010), Dubai (December 2010, April 2011), Oslo (June 2011), Dubai (September 2011), Oslo (September 2011), and Abu Dhabi (January 2013).